Deploying a node

Linux: Installing and running Corda as a system service

We recommend creating system services to run a node and the optional webserver. This provides logging and service handling, and ensures the Corda service is run at boot.

Prerequisites:

  • Oracle Java 8. The supported versions are listed in Getting set up

  • Add a system user which will be used to run Corda:> sudo adduser --system --no-create-home --group corda

  • Create a directory called /opt/corda and change its ownership to the user you want to use to run Corda:mkdir /opt/corda; chown corda:corda /opt/corda

  • Download the Corda jar (under /VERSION_NUMBER/corda-VERSION_NUMBER.jar) and place it in /opt/corda

  • (Optional) Download the Corda webserver jar (under /VERSION_NUMBER/corda-VERSION_NUMBER.jar) and place it in /opt/corda

  • Create a directory called cordapps in /opt/corda and save your CorDapp jar file to it. Alternatively, download one of our sample CorDapps to the cordapps directory

  • Save the below as /opt/corda/node.conf. See Node configuration for a description of these options

basedir : "/opt/corda"
p2pAddress : "example.com:10002"
rpcAddress : "example.com:10003"
webAddress : "0.0.0.0:10004"
h2port : 11000
emailAddress : "you@example.com"
myLegalName : "O=Bank of Breakfast Tea, L=London, C=GB"
keyStorePassword : "cordacadevpass"
trustStorePassword : "trustpass"
devMode : false
rpcUsers=[
    {
        user=corda
        password=portal_password
        permissions=[
            ALL
        ]
    }
]
  • Make the following changes to /opt/corda/node.conf:

  • Change the p2pAddress and rpcAddress values to start with your server’s hostname or external IP address. This is the address other nodes or RPC interfaces will use to communicate with your node

  • Change the ports if necessary, for example if you are running multiple nodes on one server (see below)

  • Enter an email address which will be used as an administrative contact during the registration process. This is only visible to the permissioning service

  • Enter your node’s desired legal name. This will be used during the issuance of your certificate and should rarely change as it should represent the legal identity of your node

    • Organization (O=) should be a unique and meaningful identifier (e.g. Bank of Breakfast Tea)
    • Location (L=) is your nearest city
    • Country (C=) is the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code
  • Change the RPC username and password

  • SystemD: Create a corda.service file based on the example below and save it in the /etc/systemd/system/ directory>
[Unit]
Description=Corda Node - Bank of Breakfast Tea
Requires=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
User=corda
WorkingDirectory=/opt/corda
ExecStart=/usr/bin/java -Xmx2048m -jar /opt/corda/corda.jar
Restart=on-failure

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
  • Upstart: Create a corda.conf file based on the example below and save it in the /etc/init/ directory>
description "Corda Node - Bank of Breakfast Tea"

start on runlevel [2345]
stop on runlevel [!2345]

respawn
setuid corda
chdir /opt/corda
exec java -Xmx2048m -jar /opt/corda/corda.jar
  • Make the following changes to corda.service or corda.conf:>

  • Make sure the service description is informative - particularly if you plan to run multiple nodes.

  • Change the username to the user account you want to use to run Corda. We recommend that this user account is not root

  • Set the maximum amount of memory available to the Corda process by changing the -Xmx2048m parameter

  • SystemD: Make sure the corda.service file is owned by root with the correct permissions:>

    • sudo chown root:root /etc/systemd/system/corda.service
    • sudo chmod 644 /etc/systemd/system/corda.service
  • Upstart: Make sure the corda.conf file is owned by root with the correct permissions:>

    • sudo chown root:root /etc/init/corda.conf
    • sudo chmod 644 /etc/init/corda.conf
  • SystemD: Create a corda-webserver.service file based on the example below and save it in the /etc/systemd/system/ directory
[Unit]
Description=Webserver for Corda Node - Bank of Breakfast Tea
Requires=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
User=corda
WorkingDirectory=/opt/corda
ExecStart=/usr/bin/java -jar /opt/corda/corda-webserver.jar
Restart=on-failure

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
  • Upstart: Create a corda-webserver.conf file based on the example below and save it in the /etc/init/ directory
description "Webserver for Corda Node - Bank of Breakfast Tea"

start on runlevel [2345]
stop on runlevel [!2345]

respawn
setuid corda
chdir /opt/corda
exec java -jar /opt/corda/corda-webserver.jar
  • Provision the required certificates to your node. Contact the network permissioning service or see Network permissioning

  • SystemD: You can now start a node and its webserver and set the services to start on boot by running the following systemctl commands:

  • sudo systemctl daemon-reload

  • sudo systemctl enable --now corda

  • sudo systemctl enable --now corda-webserver

  • Upstart: You can now start a node and its webserver by running the following commands:

  • sudo start corda

  • sudo start corda-webserver

The Upstart configuration files created above tell Upstart to start the Corda services on boot so there is no need to explicitly enable them.

You can run multiple nodes by creating multiple directories and Corda services, modifying the node.conf and SystemD or Upstart configuration files so they are unique.

Windows: Installing and running Corda as a Windows service

We recommend running Corda as a Windows service. This provides service handling, ensures the Corda service is run at boot, and means the Corda service stays running with no users connected to the server.

Prerequisites:

  • Oracle Java 8. The supported versions are listed in Getting set up

  • Create a Corda directory and download the Corda jar. Replace VERSION_NUMBER with the desired version. Here’s an example using PowerShell:

mkdir C:\Corda
wget http://jcenter.bintray.com/net/corda/corda/VERSION_NUMBER/corda-VERSION_NUMBER.jar -OutFile C:\Corda\corda.jar
  • Create a directory called cordapps in C:\Corda\ and save your CorDapp jar file to it. Alternatively, download one of our sample CorDapps to the cordapps directory
  • Save the below as C:\Corda\node.conf. See Node configuration for a description of these options
basedir : "C:\\Corda"
p2pAddress : "example.com:10002"
rpcAddress : "example.com:10003"
webAddress : "0.0.0.0:10004"
h2port : 11000
emailAddress: "you@example.com"
myLegalName : "O=Bank of Breakfast Tea, L=London, C=GB"
keyStorePassword : "cordacadevpass"
trustStorePassword : "trustpass"
extraAdvertisedServiceIds: [ "" ]
devMode : false
rpcUsers=[
    {
        user=corda
        password=portal_password
        permissions=[
            ALL
        ]
    }
]
  • Make the following changes to C:\Corda\node.conf:

  • Change the p2pAddress and rpcAddress values to start with your server’s hostname or external IP address. This is the address other nodes or RPC interfaces will use to communicate with your node

  • Change the ports if necessary, for example if you are running multiple nodes on one server (see below)

  • Enter an email address which will be used as an administrative contact during the registration process. This is only visible to the permissioning service

  • Enter your node’s desired legal name. This will be used during the issuance of your certificate and should rarely change as it should represent the legal identity of your node

    • Organization (O=) should be a unique and meaningful identifier (e.g. Bank of Breakfast Tea)
    • Location (L=) is your nearest city
    • Country (C=) is the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code
  • Change the RPC username and password

  • Copy the required Java keystores to the node. See Network permissioning

  • Download the NSSM service manager

  • Unzip nssm-2.24\win64\nssm.exe to C:\Corda

  • Save the following as C:\Corda\nssm.bat:

nssm install cordanode1 C:\ProgramData\Oracle\Java\javapath\java.exe
nssm set cordanode1 AppDirectory C:\Corda
nssm set cordanode1 AppParameters "-Xmx2048m -jar corda.jar --config-file=C:\corda\node.conf"
nssm set cordanode1 AppStdout C:\Corda\service.log
nssm set cordanode1 AppStderr C:\Corda\service.log
nssm set cordanode1 Description Corda Node - Bank of Breakfast Tea
nssm set cordanode1 Start SERVICE_AUTO_START
sc start cordanode1
  • Modify the batch file:>

  • If you are installing multiple nodes, use a different service name (cordanode1) for each node

  • Set the amount of Java heap memory available to this node by modifying the -Xmx argument

  • Set an informative description

  • Run the batch file by clicking on it or from a command prompt

  • Run services.msc and verify that a service called cordanode1 is present and running

  • Run netstat -ano and check for the ports you configured in node.conf

  • You may need to open the ports on the Windows firewall

Testing your installation

You can verify Corda is running by connecting to your RPC port from another host, e.g.:

telnet your-hostname.example.com 10002

If you receive the message “Escape character is ^]”, Corda is running and accessible. Press Ctrl-] and Ctrl-D to exit telnet.